"Who sees you when you stand up (for prayer), and your movements along with those who fall prostrate." [Al-Qur'an 26:218-219]
"He is with you wheresoever you may be." [Al-Qur'an 57:4]
"Truly nothing is hidden from Allah, in the earth or in the heavens." [Al-Qur'an 3:5]
"Indeed your Lord is Ever-Watchful (over them)." [Al-Qur'an 89:14]
"Allah knows the fraud of the eyes and all that the breasts conceal." [Al-Qur'an 40:19]
The verses concerning this are many and well known.
After mentioning the chapter concerning Truthfulness and the verses and ahadith pertaining to it, the author follows this up with the chapter concerning Contemplation. There are two aspects to contemplation:
- That you contemplate Allah, azzawajall, and
- That you know that Allah is watching you as He says, "... and Allah is Ever a Watcher (raqiba) over all things."
As for your contemplating Allah then this is that you know that Allah, the Exalted, knows your every saying, action, or belief, as He said:
" ... and put your trust in the All-Mighty, the Most Merciful – Who sees you when you stand up (for prayer) and your movements along with those who fall prostrate." [Al-Qur'an 26:216-218]
"Who sees you as you stand" meaning at night, when the person stands in a place in seclusion from others such that no one would see him, but Allah, subhanahu wa ta'ala, sees Him even if he be in the darkest and most intense of darknesses.
"And your movements along with those who prostrate" meaning you move along with all those who prostrate to Allah in this hour, for indeed Allah sees a person when he stands and prostrates. Standing and prostrating have been (specifically) mention because standing in prayer is better than prostration with respect to the remembrance of Allah, and prostration is better with respect to its appearance and condition. As for the standing being better than the prostration with respect to remembrance then this is because the legislated remembrance in the state of standing is the recitation of the Qur'an and the Qur'an is the noblest of speech. As for the prostration being better than the standing with respect to its appearance and condition then this is because the person in the state of prostration is closest to His Lord, azzawajall, as is established from the Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam when he said:
"The closest a person is to His Lord is when he is in prostration." [Muslim]
This is why we have been commanded to increase our supplications while in prostration.
Also from your contemplating Allah is that you know that Allah hears everything single thing that you say as He said, " ... or do they think that We Hear not their secrets and private discourse? (Indeed We do) and Our Messengers are by them, to record." [Al-Qur'an 43:80]
And along with this, that you know that every good or evil thing that you say, be it openly or secretly then it is written – for or against you. Allah, the Blessed and Exalted says, "... not a word does he utter, but there is a watcher by him ready (to record it)." [Al-Qur'an 50:18]
Know this, and beware! Beware that their emit from your tongue a saying which will count against you on the Day of Judgement. Make sure that your tongue is continuously articulating the truth or that it remains silent as the Messenger of Allah sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam said,"Whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day then let him speak only good or remain silent." [Al-Bukhari]
Also from your contemplating Allah is that you do so with regards to your secrets and what is in your heart. Look to what is in your heart! Associating partners with Allah, showing off, deviations, jealousy, hatred and dislike displayed towards the Muslims, love of the disbelievers and other such things that Allah is not Pleased with. Supervise and be attentive to your heart for Allah has said, "Indeed We created man, and We know what his own self whispers to him." [Al-Qur'an 50:16]
So contemplate Allah in these three places, in your actions, your saying and your heart so that your contemplation may be complete. This is why, when the Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam was asked about ihsan, he replied, "That you worship Allah as if you see Him, and if you do not see Him, then indeed He sees you."
Worship Allah as if you see Him and witness Him with the eye, and if you do not see Him then go to the next station below this: then indeed He sees you.
So the first station is to worship Him out of hope and desire. The next is to worship Him out of fear and awe this is why he said, "and if you do not see Him, then indeed He sees you."
So it is necessary for the person to contemplate His Lord and that he know that Allah is Watching over you. Anything that you say or do or keep secret, Allah, Exalted is He, knows it. The author has mentioned a number of verses that prove this and began with the verse that we have already mentioned, " ... and put your trust in the All-Mighty, the Most Merciful – Who sees you when you stand up (for prayer) and your movements along with those who fall prostrate." [Al-Qur'an 26:216-218]
(s) Sharh Riyadh us-Salihin, Chapter on Contemplation (Muraqaba)