The Benefit of the Worshipper Standing Before his Lord
The Prayer is a sanctified and holy moment ( and by whose attestation one becomes a Muslim.) for the worshipper in the presence of his Lord and Deity in truth. He fulfils (by its performance) his covenants, obligations and statements of confession which are contained within and are required by the testimony that:
These covenants, obligations and resolutions: among them are those of belief, those of speech and those of action; and the explanation of that is as follows:
- the : This is a compulsory acknowledgement for the worshipper, both in belief and speech, that Allah is the greatest, greater than everything in His Essence, Attributes and in the rights (owed to Him). Among His rights are the obeying of His commands and refraining from His prohibitions in regard to beliefs, acts of worship, characteristics and manners; in all moments and situations. This acknowledgement penetrates into the various postures of the worshipper during his prayer, from the to the , to the , the verbal confessions he makes and after that into the submissiveness in action; so there does not remain any moment of heedlessness or innattentiveness and there does not remain in his heart that which pushes out the (awareness of the responsibility of fulfilling) the rights of Allah upon His servant; whether it is persons, property, money, family or progeny and among His rights are (His) Magnification, Love (for Him greater than for all else), Fear (of His displeasure and punishment), Hope (in His Mercy) and Obedience.
- the : This is an obligation in action. The worshipper bends his back and (bows) his head during it out of obedience, lowliness and humility to his Deity. So by this he fulfils his covenants of being constant in his obedience, carrying out the orders of his Deity, refraining from His prohibitions, ruling by His in happiness, adversity and every other situation. The worshipper returns (to fulfil) these covenants and obligations every time he performs the both in the obligatory prayers or the supererogatory. Whoever bends his back in the prayer in obedience to Allah and after that rebels from some of His commands or shows boldness towards some of His prohibitions due to the calling of his desire or whim, then he has contradicted his fulfilment of this obligation to the extent of the evil of his action.
- the : This is the statement which the worshipper makes during his "How free from every imperfection is my Lord, the Mighty" ( ) and in his "How free from every imperfection is my Lord, the Highest" ( ). This is an obligation in speech by which the worshipper declares his Deity free from every defect and shortcoming in His attributes, actions and His rights (over the creation). Among His rights are the declaration of His mightiness in every situation, the placing of obedience to Him before obedience to ones soul or parents, leaders and others besides them. Whoever declares Allah to be free from all imperfections during his and and then shows boldness towards His disobedience when he departed from the prayer, he has reduced / diminished his glorification of his Deity to the extent of his disobedience to Him.
- the : This is the extremity in, or the end result of humility; when the worshipper places his noble limbs upon the dust or the earth. The is a covenant in action. It is an obligation due to the absolute obedience owed to the Deity in truth in all situations. There is no exception in this absolute obedience for moments of desire or moments of the whims of the soul (this absolute obedience incorporates all moments and situations). Whoever covers his face with dust (due to the performance of ) out of extreme humility, then departs from his prayer and returns to the obedience of the soul in disobedience to Allah, obedience to the creation in disobedience to Allah and the following of whims in disobedience to Allah, then he has been false to himself to the extent of his disobedience (or sin). But whoever does that, then he must repent hastily as the Messenger of Allah has said, [Reported by at-Tirmidhi, no. 2501 and Ibn Majah, no. 4251 and ad- Darimi, 2/303 and Ahmad 3/198 with a from Anas ibn Malik]
- Folding of the hands during the : This is a manifestation from among the manifestations of humility and defeat in front of the Deity in Truth. Among its implications are subservience to the divine commandments in that one does not move except when commanded and one is not at ease or quiescence except when commanded. Whoever sought this position of worship for a few moments and after that lets loose the reigns of his soul then he wanders / trespasses (while ignorant of Allah's rulings) into the greatest of matters (i.e. sins) and he has fallen into a type of deception.
- : This is a position of total and extreme submissiveness and humility in front of the Deity in Truth and the quiescence / tranquillity of the heart and the limbs. One does not move except where commanded and is not at ease except where commanded. It is an obligation in action due to the necessity of obedience and the abandonment of disobedience to the Deity in Truth. Whoever discharges this obligation during the prayer then contradicts it (behaves otherwise) upon departing from the prayer he has caused diminution/annulment of (his ) to the extent of his disobedience.
: Whatever is repeated in every from among the obligations and covenants in speech such as the repetition of his praises, requesting of guidance to the straight path, the path of those who have blessings bestowed upon them, not of those upon whom is anger and they are the Jews and whoever is like them, nor of those who are astray and they are the Christians and whoever resembles them, and the likes of what is said in the and the meanings of the various verses and supplications that are repeated in the prayer: in summary, every movement, every moment of ease, every statement and every action during the prayer, be it an obligation, covenant, resolution or confession from the worshipper in front of his Master and Deity in Truth, which he repeats in every , whether it is in the obligatory or supererogatory, makes free his heart, tongue, limbs and feelings from associating partners with Allah. He is a Muslim, in submission to Him. He gives for His Sake, takes for his Sake, acts for His Sake, abandons for His Sake. He loves for His Sake and hates for His Sake. The proof for this truth is the saying of Allah :
And the saying of the Messenger , [Reported by Muslim, no. 667 from Jabir]
Therefore know - brother / sister reader - the position and importance of your prayer and establish as it should be truly established and gain happiness from it as Allah desires for you.